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IED found and defused in Surkhin District, Narathiwat

 

Date of Report: Thursday, 28 September 2017
Incident Date/Time: 16:00hrs, 25 September 2017 (GMT +7hrs)
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
It is POSSIBLE this IED find was not an IED planted to be used against Thai security forces due to the absence of a transmitter/receiver being attached. Also taking into consideration the location of the find to the proximity of the Thai-Malaysia border and location of previous IED attacks makes it POSSIBLE this IED was a storage area or cache for insurgents.
INCIDENT DETAILS

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On 25 SEP 2017, a patrol from the 11th Ranger Regiment found an improvised explosive device (IED) hidden under a tree in Ban Nam Sai, Tambon Gia / Kia, Sukhirin district, Narathiwat province. The IED consisted of a 20kg air-conditioner fluid cylinder (see above imagery) and was and was fitted with an electrical circuit. Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) personnel from the 446 Border Patrol Unit defused the IED but avoided destroying it in order to obtain further information.
COMMENT. IEDs in the south have previously been pipe bombs, motorcycles or 15-20kg ‘gas cylinders,’ âsuggesting LPG cooking gas cylinders â as the main charge for the IED which has usually been detonated by radio (McCabe and Harrington, 2017, PRATTEN 2017a, PRATTEN 2017b, PRATTEN 2017c, PRATTEN 2017d). The use of an air-conditioner fluid cylinder would suggest a new item is being utilised for a main charge. While the reports indicate there were wires, there does not appear to be any information about a transmitter/receiver. As for the location, Ban Nam Sai appears to be a small village with only two roads going through it; both appear to be major roads/highways.
An examination of previous incidents in the South-East â pictured below â from 01 May 2017 to present day has shown this IED find has not just been at the southern edge of where all incidents are occurring, but when IED incidents have been isolated on the Intelligence Fusion platform it has shown this IED find has been outside of the usual areas of IED incidents; those being Yala as well as the major population areas in Narathiwat and Pattani provinces (McCabe and Harrington, 2017). In addition, the find has occurred in proximity to the Thai-Malaysia border.

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Also, there has been one recent incident of a similar kind of container being used. Five days prior to this incident, a hoax IED was left outside of a 7 Eleven convenience store in Hat Yai, Songkhla province to the North West of the IED find in Ban Nam Sai. The imagery and from the incident â pictured above â shows a similar kind of container to the one found near the Thai-Malaysia border.
ASSESSMENT

It is POSSIBLE this IED find was not an IED planted to be used against Thai security forces due to the absence of a transmitter/receiver being attached. Also taking into consideration the location of the find to the proximity of the Thai-Malaysia border and location of previous IED attacks makes it POSSIBLE this IED was a storage area or cache for insurgents.
The use of an air-conditioner fluid cylinder like the hoax which was found in Hat Yai would indicate insurgents have POTENTIALLY recognised a new container to use for the main charges of their IEDs. Based on the colour of these containers, they appear to be easier to conceal as their colour would POSSIBLY blend in with the terrain easier and would be harder to spot since Thai security forces would be used to looking for cooking gas cylinders rather than air conditioner cylinders. Future IED finds and attacks will POSSIBLY feature these air conditioner cylinders as the main charge.
References

MCCABE, M. & HARRINGTON, D. 2017. Intelligence Fusion Platform [Online]. London: Ambix. Available: https://www.intelligencefusion.co.uk/ [Accessed 12 August 2017].
PRATTEN M. 2017a. Post Incident Report: Complex Attack On Thai Rangers In Chanae District, Narathiwat. Intelligence Fusion [Online]. Available: https://www.intelligencefusion.co.uk/single-post/2017/08/10/Post-Incident-Report-Complex-Attack-On-Thai-Rangers-In-Chanae-District-
Narathiwat [Accessed 12 August 2017].
PRATTEN M. 2017b. Post Incident Report: Pattani Complex Attack. Intelligence Fusion [Online]. Available: https://www.intelligencefusion.co.uk/single-post/2017/09/25/Post-Incident-Report-Pattani-Complex-Attack [Accessed 25 September 2017].
PRATTEN M. 2017c. Post Incident Report: Songkhla VBIED Raids and Pattani Car Bombing. Intelligence Fusion [Online]. Available: https://www.intelligencefusion.co.uk/single-post/2017/08/18/Post-Incident-Report-Songkhla-VBIED-Raids-and-Pattani-Car-Bombing [Accessed 19 August 2017].
PRATTEN M. 2017d. Post Incident Report: Southern Thailand IED Attacks. Intelligence Fusion [Online]. Available: https://www.intelligencefusion.co.uk/single-post/2017/08/03/Southern-Thailand-IED-Attacks—Post-Incident-Report-Analysis [Accessed 03 August 2017].

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